A number of cases of black fungus infection or mucormycosis appeared in India following the second tsunami wave of the COVID-19 tsunami some time ago. Apparently, this infection has also been found in Indonesia. What disease is it?
"Actually, in Indonesia there have also been case reports, but indeed we found them before the COVID-19 pandemic. The numbers were not large, maybe not 50 per year," said pulmonary specialist Dr. Dr. Anna Rozaliyani, MBiomed, SpP(K) from the Association. Indonesian Lung Doctor (PDPI) at a press conference last June.
"Once you get this disease, usually if it's too late, the patient is not helped," he continued.
What disease is it really? Can it really cause blindness?
According to Dr. Anna, the disease 'black fungus' or black fungus is related to mucormycosis (mucormycosis) caused by fungal infection Mucormycetes. The naming of the black fungus is actually incorrect because Mucormycetes does not belong to the black fungus group. This disease is called 'black fungus' because it causes a blackish discoloration.
Mucormycosis is a serious infection of the lungs or sinuses caused by a fungus commonly found in soil, plants, fertilizers, or rotting fruit and vegetables. This infection can occur in people who have been in contact with the spores.
"It seems that the term yellow, black, and white fungus is associated with the color of body fluids that come out of the sinus cavities of patients with mucormycosis," explained Dr. Anna.
Not always in COVID-19 patients, this infection cara untung main togel can attack people with health problems or low immunity. For example in people with cancer, organ transplants, skin injuries, and so on.
In the case of the COVID-19 tsunami in India, mucormycosis was said to cause blindness. This mostly occurs in COVID-19 patients who have a history of diabetes.
"Diabetes has weakened the immune system, the Corona virus has worsened and the steroid drugs used to treat it are like fuel that makes the fire bigger," said Mumbai-based ophthalmologist Dr Akshay Nair, quoted by the BBC.